Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 17 Sep 2020
pdf, 563 kB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 11 Sep 2020
pdf, 16.0 MB
Monetary policy is supporting economic recovery — but the outlook for employment remains weak17 Sep 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020
Monetary accommodation has opened up space for other economic policies in the euro area, which needs to be put to good use by pursuing economic reforms. Productivity and employment growth ultimately rest on our ability to reform.
Monetary policy implementation in changing times25 Aug 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020
Over the past decade the tools for implementing monetary policy have become ever more diverse. These measures now include refinancing banks at favourable terms and large-scale asset purchases.
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The shift in China’s model of growth and fall in the price of oil will weigh on the global economy. The Bank of Finland forecasts growth of around 3%.
Before the current recession, Finland was closing the gap on Europe’s wealthiest small economies but is now falling ever further behind.
Increasing market uncertainty over the condition of banks in early 2016 was not due solely to concerns about global economic growth but also above all reflected concerns about banks’ non-performing loans and declining profitability amid low interest rates and subdued growth.
In recent years, the growth of international trade has slowed to the level of the GDP growth rate. Is the most hectic phase of globalisation already history?
In many countries, a rapid rise in debt has led to financial sector problems and a pronounced slowdown in economic growth. In China, too, sustainable management of the public finances would require a slowdown in the pace of debt accumulation.
Japan’s economy has so far been growing sluggishly, but the deflationary trend has been successfully cut and structural reforms taken forward.
The Bank of Finland forecasts a 3% contraction in Russian GDP in 2016. This is due to the export price shocks Russia has had to face.
The cover and transparency of China’s GDP statistics need to be improved. According to the statistics, the deceleration in growth has been very evenly spread, which has increased suspicions over the reliability of the data.
The BRICS countries, which have been supporting global growth, are now facing headwinds. Within the group, only the outlook for India's economy remains positive.
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