Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 17 Sep 2020
pdf, 563 kB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 11 Sep 2020
pdf, 16.0 MB
Monetary policy is supporting economic recovery — but the outlook for employment remains weak17 Sep 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020
Monetary accommodation has opened up space for other economic policies in the euro area, which needs to be put to good use by pursuing economic reforms. Productivity and employment growth ultimately rest on our ability to reform.
Monetary policy implementation in changing times25 Aug 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020
Over the past decade the tools for implementing monetary policy have become ever more diverse. These measures now include refinancing banks at favourable terms and large-scale asset purchases.
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Solvency II regulation has just come into effect in the EU. This was a necessary change, but its timing is awkward for insurance undertakings, as the current low interest rates and economic uncertainty are placing a strain on their solvency.
The regulation of banks’ capital adequacy was only recently reformed. Assessment and monitoring of the effects of regulation will ensure a level playing field for the banks and the capacity of the financial system to support sustainable economic growth.
In a securities trade, a central counterparty functions as a buyer in relation to the seller, and as a seller in relation to the final buyer. Key to the stability of the financial system is that all aspects of central counterparties’ risk management are sound.
Under the European Deposit Guarantee System proposed by the European Commission, responsibility for guaranteeing deposits would be gradually transferred from national level to the new system.
Market infrastructures are assumed to function reliably, and their crucial role is not noticed until they do not work.
Since the turn of the millennium, investment funds have become a significant financial intermediary in Finland. From the financial stability perspective, the risks surrounding them are similar to those that are usually related to banking.
This appendix describes the method applied, the results of which are reported in the article ‘Investment funds have grown significantly in Finland – do their operations involve stability risks?’
In Finland, the volume of housing loans is large compared with other bank lending and the capital requirements on the banks. Vulnerability is further increased by the relative size of household debt and the tendency for assets to be held in housing.
The uncertainty surrounding the outlook for global growth in general has also focused strongly on the banking and finance sectors, which are particularly sensitive to changes in the economic cycle.
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