Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2019 - Economic forecast for the Finnish economy
Published 17 Dec 2019
pdf, 2.46 MB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019 - Economic outlook for the global economy
Published 3 Oct 2019
pdf, 3.44 MB
Finland's economic transition still incomplete17 December 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2019
The Finnish economy is still going through a period of transition in which it has to adjust to two large structural realignments.
How can we avoid a negative equilibrium of low gorwth and low inflation?3 October 2019, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2019
Slower-than-target inflation and a persistent decline in inflation expectations are key challenges for monetary policy. A negative equilibrium of prolonged low inflation and zero interest rates would fundamentally weaken monetary policy’s room for manoeuvre in balancing fluctuations in the economic cycle.
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Solvency II regulation has just come into effect in the EU. This was a necessary change, but its timing is awkward for insurance undertakings, as the current low interest rates and economic uncertainty are placing a strain on their solvency.
The regulation of banks’ capital adequacy was only recently reformed. Assessment and monitoring of the effects of regulation will ensure a level playing field for the banks and the capacity of the financial system to support sustainable economic growth.
In a securities trade, a central counterparty functions as a buyer in relation to the seller, and as a seller in relation to the final buyer. Key to the stability of the financial system is that all aspects of central counterparties’ risk management are sound.
Under the European Deposit Guarantee System proposed by the European Commission, responsibility for guaranteeing deposits would be gradually transferred from national level to the new system.
Market infrastructures are assumed to function reliably, and their crucial role is not noticed until they do not work.
Since the turn of the millennium, investment funds have become a significant financial intermediary in Finland. From the financial stability perspective, the risks surrounding them are similar to those that are usually related to banking.
This appendix describes the method applied, the results of which are reported in the article ‘Investment funds have grown significantly in Finland – do their operations involve stability risks?’
In Finland, the volume of housing loans is large compared with other bank lending and the capital requirements on the banks. Vulnerability is further increased by the relative size of household debt and the tendency for assets to be held in housing.
The uncertainty surrounding the outlook for global growth in general has also focused strongly on the banking and finance sectors, which are particularly sensitive to changes in the economic cycle.
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