Bank of Finland articles on the economy
Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 17 Sep 2020
pdf, 563 kB
Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020 - Monetary policy and the global economy
Published 11 Sep 2020
pdf, 16.0 MB
Monetary policy is supporting economic recovery — but the outlook for employment remains weak17 Sep 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 5/2020
Monetary accommodation has opened up space for other economic policies in the euro area, which needs to be put to good use by pursuing economic reforms. Productivity and employment growth ultimately rest on our ability to reform.
Monetary policy implementation in changing times25 Aug 2020, Bank of Finland Bulletin 4/2020
Over the past decade the tools for implementing monetary policy have become ever more diverse. These measures now include refinancing banks at favourable terms and large-scale asset purchases.
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The economic upswing in Finland has strengthened, bolstered by the improved performance of exports. Despite the improved growth, Finland’s external indebtedness will continue to grow. GDP is forecast to grow 2.1% in 2017, 1.7% in 2018 and 1.4% in 2019.
Savings are historically low on account of the low level of interest rates and strong consumer confidence. Households’ continued accumulation of debt does, however, entail risks for the economy.
Digital technology has improved our well-being in ways that are difficult to measure in monetary terms. Not all the effects of digitalisation are fully reflected in GDP.
The global market share of Finnish exports has been declining continuously ever since the financial crisis. To what extent is the decline in market share explained by the structure of goods exports?
In both the United States and the euro area, economic growth has picked up and the labour market has strengthened without the build-up of significant wage and price pressures. This raises the question as to how far the economy can still be from its potential output.
The few ‘superstars’ of high productivity and profitability stand out in the large mass of firms. A one-size-fits-all economic policy is unsuitable in an environment of considerable heterogeneity in productivity and profitability.
Demand for Finnish exports may have been weakened by the current low level of investment in the advanced economies, especially in Europe.
The political uncertainty in both the euro area and the United States has eased, providing a firm foundation for continued economic expansion.
Exports and productivity could grow faster than estimated in the Bank of Finland’s baseline forecast. However, a temporary period of faster growth would not suffice to resolve the problems with fiscal sustainability.
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